In martial arts, specific techniques are learned, but consideration of other variables is necessary to account for a changing combat situation. In other words, things never go as planned. So, you train the base technique, or ideal technique, but consider variations; you formulate, problem-solve, and correct. You may substitute, subtract moves, add a move, alter a move, change targets, switch positions to handle the change in events. The opponent might cover a target, might check your arm, move in a way that prevents a technique as is; you must adjust to those circumstances and formulate a correct response from your arsenal. This is Martial Arts Algebra. It is is how you break from the Ideal Phase, or the phase in which the technique is done “by the book”, to the “what if” phase, in which you consider variables, to the “formulation phase” in which you discover and execute solutions. The formulation phase is spontaneity.